An implant replaces one or more missing teeth and mimics the anatomy and the aesthetics of a natural tooth. There is practically no perceivable difference between a real tooth and a dental implant.
What is dental implantology?
A dental implant is an artificial root anchored into the jawbone. Such an implant allows chewing and gives the impression of a real tooth. An implant is used when a tooth is missing and the placement of a crown, a dental inlay or a dental onlay is impossible.
The implant is a restoration that has the same shape as a natural tooth. It is made essentially of titanium or of a titanium alloy and it plays the role of the root of a tooth. Contrary to other materials, titanium is tolerated by the organism and does not cause infections or induce reactions.
Why replace a lost tooth?
A lost tooth that is not replaced will result in the deformation of the alveolar bone and the displacement of neighbouring teeth towards the missing tooth.
In addition to the aesthetic impact, the displacement of a tooth may cause other teeth to move and ultimately cause their loss.
Periodontal diseases are a consequence of a missing tooth are they may cause further problems such as tooth decay, gingival recession, and worse yet, teeth loss.
Implants are then the ideal solution.
The different steps
- Phase 1
The dentist performs an osteotomy (surgical cutting of the bone) in the jawbone and places the implant and the healing abutment.
The osseo-integration or healing takes place when the jawbone fixes itself to the implant. A period of 2 to 4 months is necessary for the bone to completely cover the implant surface.
- Phase 2
Placement and fixation of the permanent restoration onto the implant
The advantages of the implant
- Resistance to the pressure and chewing forces equivalent to natural teeth
- The implant mimics efficiently the anatomy and the function of the original tooth
- Conservation of the alveolar bone
- Neighbouring teeth by the implant remain intact and do not risk moving of falling off
- The dental implant remains the option that offers the most stable foundation
Did you know that:
The loss of a tooth may cause up to 50% bone resorption over 18 months?
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